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Jerry Lewis1970s' students and 1980s' film fans found it hilarious when Steve Martin played dysfunctional and shouted a lot. A decade later, Jim Carrey's gurning and rubber limbs topped the box office, and Lee Evans had some film success.
But most people still look disbelieving if you suggest that Jerry Lewis is, or ever was, even mildly funny. Or they will say, knowingly, "The French think he's funny" as proof positive that he isn't. In fact, for fifteen years he was massive at the box office, and often hailed as a new Chaplin.
The accidental teaming of the youthful, manic comedian, with the older, calming influence of crooner Dean Martin was an immediate and overwhelming success. Their appearance in 1949's "My Friend Irma" signalled the arrival of an exciting new comedy duo. They made Laurel and Hardy look ponderous, and made Abbott and Costello's wordplay look staged and belonging to a bygone era.
Jerry was a whirlwind of comic energy, and the steadying - but still funny in his own laid back style - Dino was the perfect complement. Together, they could do no wrong. A series of colourful, lively comedies - with songs thrown in - took them quickly to the top of the box office, eclipsing every other contemporary film comedian.
Jerry's ego got what it wanted. A dozen years of Jerry Lewis productions, starring and often also written and directed by Jerry Lewis. He hit his solo stride in the late 1950s and peaked in the early 1960s. The highpoint was his take on Jekyll and Hyde in 1963's "The Nutty Professor".
After that, his US popularity waned, especially as he took greater control over all aspects of his films. Like Harry Langdon 40 years earlier, he needed a strong director to harness and direct his undoubted talents. But for Jerry, who could know better what was funny than Jerry? And what was funnier than Jerry Lewis? (His only answer to the latter being: "Seven Jerry Lewises". Hence his multiple roles in 1965's "The Family Jewels").
After 1970's unfunny Nazi comedy, "Ja, Ja, Mein General" and its successor, the unreleased concentration camp movie, "The Day the Clown Cried", it became much harder for him to obtain US financing for his projects. So apart from the occasional foreign financed outing, and his regular Telethon charity, that seemed to be that.
But Jerry is nothing if not resilient. Ten years later he was back in American films, combining starring roles in his own vehicles, with supporting roles in other people's. The highspot to date (closely followed by 1995's "Funny Bones" and Kusturica's "Arizona Dream" in 1992) has been the Scorsese/De Niro study of celebrity and obsession. Robert De Niro was the star of 1982's "The King of Comedy", but the film belonged indisputably to Lewis, as comedian chat show host and celebrity kidnap victim, Jerry Langford.